On Monday, February 22, 2021, the Biden administration announced several reforms with a focus on equity to the popular Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) to bring greater relief to the smallest and most vulnerable businesses. Among other things, the administration is imposing a two-week moratorium on loans to companies with 20 or more employees and focusing on smaller businesses. It’s also changing several program rules to expand eligibility for the 100% forgivable PPP loans.
The PPP in a nutshell
The CARES Act, passed in the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, established the PPP to help employers cover their payrolls during the resulting economic downturn. The program is open to almost every U.S. business with fewer than 500 employees — including sole proprietors, self-employed individuals, independent contractors and nonprofits — affected by the pandemic.
Generally, the loans are 100% forgivable if the proceeds are allocated on a 60/40 basis between payroll and eligible nonpayroll costs. While the latter initially were limited to mortgage interest, rent, utilities and interest on any other existing debt, the Consolidated Appropriations Act (CAA), enacted in late December 2020, expanded the qualifying nonpayroll costs. They now include, for example, certain operating expenses and worker COVID-19 protection expenses.
The CAA also provided another $284 billion in funding for forgivable loans for both first-time and “second-draw” borrowers. The second-draw loans are restricted to smaller and harder hit businesses.
In addition, the CAA established a simplified, one-page forgiveness application for loans up to $150,000. It clarified PPP borrowers aren’t required to include any forgiven amounts in their gross income for tax purposes and borrowers can deduct otherwise deductible expenses paid with forgiven PPP proceeds.
View our helpful guide to first- and second-draw PPP loans to see how the two programs compare and whether your business is eligible.
The impetus for the new changes
According to the Small Business Administration (SBA), the new reforms are intended to ensure equity in the program. The SBA says a “critical goal” of the latest round of PPP funding in the CAA was to reach small and low- and moderate-income (LMI) businesses which hadn’t yet received needed relief.
Under current policies, the second round has distributed only $2.4 billion of a $15 billion set-aside for small and LMI “first-draw” borrowers. The SBA says this is, in part, because a disproportionate amount of funding in both wealthy and LMI areas is going to businesses with more than 20 employees. The Biden administration hopes to remedy this disparity with the announced revisions.
The announcement outlined five reforms:
- A two-week exclusive application period for smaller businesses. The SBA has established, beginning February 24, 2021, a two-week exclusive PPP loan application period for businesses and nonprofits with fewer than 20 employees. The restriction aims to give lenders and community partners more time to work with these applicants, which often struggle to collect the necessary paperwork and secure loans.
Larger PPP-eligible businesses need not worry about missing out. The SBA says they’ll still have time to apply for and receive support before the program is set to expire on March 31, 2021.
- A revised loan calculation formula. The current formula is based on net profits. As a result, many of the smallest businesses — sole proprietors, independent contractors and self-employed individuals — were excluded from the PPP.
The administration is revising the formula to focus instead on gross profits. This means solo ventures which don’t show net profits on their federal tax returns nonetheless can receive PPP loans. The administration also will set aside $1 billion for businesses in this category without employees located in LMI areas.
- The elimination of the non-fraud felony exclusion. The existing rules restrict PPP eligibility based on criminal history. A business is ineligible for PPP funding if it’s at least 20% owned by an individual with either 1) an arrest or conviction for a felony related to financial assistance fraud in the previous five years, or 2) any other felony in the previous year.
To expand access, the administration is adopting some of the proposals in a bipartisan bill in Congress dubbed the Second Chance Act. Specifically, it will eliminate the one-year lookback for any kind of felony unless the applicant or owner is incarcerated at the time of the application.
- The elimination of the student loan exclusion. Current rules prohibit PPP loans to any business which is at least 20% owned by an individual who’s delinquent or has defaulted on a federal debt within the previous seven years. Federal student loans fall within the definition of such debt.
The pandemic has only exacerbated the number of Americans who are delinquent on their student loans. The SBA will work with the U.S. Departments of Treasury and Education to remove the student loan delinquency restriction to broaden PPP access.
- Clarification of noncitizen small business eligibility. The CARES Act is clear all lawful U.S. residents can apply for PPP loans. However, lack of guidance from the SBA has created inconsistent access for lawful U.S. residents who are holders of Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITINs), such as Green Card holders and those in the United States on a visa.
The SBA will issue new guidance to address this problem. The guidance will state otherwise eligible applicants can’t be denied access to PPP loans solely because they use ITINs when paying their taxes.
On February 27, the House passed the Biden administration’s proposed $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief package, known as the American Rescue Plan, and is now awaiting a vote in the Senate. The bill briefly addresses the PPP by adding only an additional $7.25 in additional funding and does not extend the application period. The bill also includes $15 billion in Economic Disaster Injury Loans (EIDL) to help small businesses, $35 billion in small business financing programs, and aid to restaurants, bars and other businesses which have suffered disproportionately due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Our Trusted Advisors will keep you updated on any additional relevant changes to the PPP, as well as developments regarding the next pandemic relief package. You can check out our COVID-19 Resources page here for the latest news on legislation and support for small businesses.
Should you have any questions on the PPP, forgiveness applications, or other COVID-19 related items, please reach out to a KerberRose advisor for solutions.